Template - Summarize Spoken Text

The lecture is about ___. In the initial part of the audio, speaker talks about ___. In the middle of the lecture, the speaker refers ___. During the latter part, lecturer stresses on ___, and then concludes the lecture by saying that ___.

I want to admit that I am an optimist. Any tough problem, I think it can be solved. And part of the reason I feel that way is looking at the past. Over the past century, average lifespan has more than doubled. Another statistic, perhaps my favourite, is to look at childhood deaths. As recently as 1960, 110 million children were born, and 20 million of those died before the age of five. Five years ago, 135 million children were born — so, more — and less than 10 million of them died before the age of five. So that’s a factor of two in the reduction of the childhood death rate.

It’s a phenomenal thing. Each one of those lives matters a lot. And the key reason we were able to do it was not only rising incomes but also a few key breakthroughs: vaccines that were used more widely. For example, measles was four million of the deaths back as recently as 1990 and now is under 400,000. So, we really can make changes. The next breakthrough is to cut that in half again. And I think that’s doable in well under 20 years. Why? Well, there’s only a few diseases that account for the vast majority of those deaths: diarrhoea, pneumonia and malaria.

Summary

The lecture is about diseases. In the initial part of the audio, speaker talks about child deaths. In the middle of the lecture, the speaker refers to the reduction in childhood death rate . During the latter part, lecturer stresses on vaccines, and then concludes the lecture by saying that there’s only a few diseases.

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